AHIMELECH


AHIMELECH
AHIMELECH (Heb. אֲחִימֶלֶךְ; "(the divine) brother is king" or "the Melech (deity) is my brother"), name of three biblical figures. (1) Ahimelech, son of Ahitub, was a member of the priestly family of eli , who served in the Temple of nob (I Sam. 21–22). Ahimelech has been identified with ahijah , son of Ahitub, who is also mentioned in the time of Saul and who acted as a priest in Saul's war with the Philistines (14:3, 18). Ahimelech probably founded the Temple of Nob after the destruction of shiloh by the Philistines in the time of Samuel. He served as the high priest in Nob, and "85 persons that wear linen ephods" were under his charge (22:16–18). When David escaped from Saul, he first came to Nob where Ahimelech provided him with bread and with the sword of Goliath, which was kept in the Temple (21:1–10, 22:10–15). doeg the Edomite informed Saul about it and stated that Ahimelech "inquired of the Lord" for David (22:10), for which Ahimelech (22:15) excused himself by pointing out that it was not the first time, for he had always understood that David was Saul's trusted revenger. Saul, however, put to death Ahimelech and the rest of the priests of Nob. One son of Ahimelech, abiathar , escaped and joined David.   (2) Ahimelech, son of Abiathar, was probably the grandson of the former. He is mentioned as a priest, together with Ẓadok, son of Ahitub, in one of the lists of David's officials (II Sam. 8:17). In a parallel list he is called Abimelech (I Chron. 18:16; possibly a scribal error, as testified by some Mss. of the MT, as well as by the Vulg.). In the lists of David's officials in II Samuel 20:25, and I Chronicles 26:24, as well as in the historical narratives, only Abiathar and Zadok are mentioned as high priests. Therefore, scholars doubted the historicity of Ahimelech and emended the text in II Samuel 8:17 to read "Ẓadok and Abiathar son of Ahimelech son of Ahitub." (3) Ahimelech the Hittite was one of the men who joined David when David fled from Saul (I Sam. 26:6). He was probably one of David's warriors, as he is mentioned with abishai b. Zeruiah. Ahimelech was only one of many foreigners who attached themselves to David, although most of the others joined David after he was made king. (Yuval Kamrat) -In the Aggadah Ahimelech would not allow David to partake of the sanctified shewbread, until David pleaded that he was in danger of starvation (Men. 95b). The dispute between Ahimelech and Saul (I Sam. 22:12–19) was based on Ahimelech's action in consulting the Urim and Thummim on David's behalf. Saul maintained that it was a capital offense, since it was a privilege reserved for the king, while Ahimelech maintained that, when affairs of state were involved, the privilege was a universal one, and certainly applied to David, in his position as a general of the army. Abner and Amasa supported Ahimelech's argument, but Doeg did not, and Saul therefore placed upon him the task of killing Ahimelech (Yal. 131). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: (1) Yeivin, in: Sefer Dinaburg (1949), 30 ff.; W.W.S. von Baudissin, Kyrios als ottesname, 3 (1929), 97 ff.; Albright, Arch Rel, 202; (2) Moehlenbrink, in: ZAW, 52 (1934), 204–5; Rowley, in: JBL, 58 (1939), 113 ff.; (3) Maisler, Untersuchungen, 78.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ahimelech — (Hebrew: אחימלך brother to the king ), the son of Ahitub and father of Abiathar (1 Sam. 22:20 23). He descended from Eli in the line of Ithamar. In 1 Chr. 18:16 he is called Abimelech, and is probably the same as Ahiah (1 Sam. 14:3, 18). He was… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahimelech — Ahimelech, Sohn Ahitobs, Priester zu Nobe; weil er David in Schutz nahm u. demselben Goliaths Schwert gab, wurde er von Doeg verrathen u. auf Sauls Befehl mit 85 Priestern ermordet …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ahimelech — Ahimelech, hoher Priester zu Nobe, nahm den vor Saul fliehenden David auf, speiste ihn von den Schaubroten und gab ihm das Schwert Goliaths; dafür vertilgte Saul den A. und 85 Priester mit allen Angehörigen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • AHIMELECH — Latin. frater meus Rex: vel frater Regis, sive consilii, unus ex filiis Ithamar. 1 Paral. c. 24. v. 3 …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Ahimelech — Statuengruppe David nimmt vom Hohenpriester die vorgestellted Brote an im Festsaal im Kloster Hradisko im Olomouc vom 1734. Ahimelech (hebr. אחימלך) ist eine Person aus dem Tanach. Der Name bedeutet etwa der (vergöttlichte) Bruder ist König .… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ahimelech —    Brother of the king, the son of Ahitub and father of Abiathar (1 Sam. 22:20 23). He descended from Eli in the line of Ithamar. In 1 Chr. 18:16 he is called Abimelech, and is probably the same as Ahiah (1 Sam. 14:3, 18). He was the twelfth high …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ahimelech — Priest at Nob (1 Sam. 21:1–6). During his flight from Saul, David, desperate for food, was given the bread of the presence by Ahimelech. The gesture is used by Jesus (Matt. 12:3–4) in defence of the disciples who satisfied their hunger by… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Ahimelech — /euh him euh lek /, n. a priest who was killed by Saul for helping David. I Sam. 21:1 9; 22:9 23. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ahimelech — /euh him euh lek /, n. a priest who was killed by Saul for helping David. I Sam. 21:1 9; 22:9 23 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Doeg the Edomite — Doeg was an Edomite, chief herdsman to Saul, King of Israel.[1] He is mentioned in the Hebrew Bible book of First Samuel, chapters 21 and 22, where he is depicted as responsible for the deaths of a large number of priests. Biblical account After… …   Wikipedia


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